Splint - Secure Programming Lint
Download - Documentation - Manual - Links Sponsors - Credits

All Macros

Changes from Memory Checks 3


Fixed all messages reported in third run using memory checks.

Now running LCLint reports no anomalies.


All Macros

Without the +allmacros flag, only macros corresponding to specified iterators, functions and constants are checked. Other macros are expanded normally. Using +allmacros, causes all macros declared with parameter lists to be checked as macros and all other macros (except those with empty definitions that are used for preprocessing) are checked as constants. With +allmacros LCLint reports 6 anomalies.

Unrecognized Identifiers

LCLint generates two messages concerning unrecognized identifiers:
dbase.c: (in macro firstERC)
dbase.c:4,20: Unrecognized identifier in macro definition: mMGRS
dbase.c: (in macro lastERC)
dbase.c:5,19: Unrecognized identifier in macro definition: fNON
The macro definitions are before the enumerator definition, so mMGRS and fNON are not yet defined. (Without macro checking, no error was reported since they are defined where the macro is used.) We move the macro definitions after the enumerator definitions.

Missing Declarations

LCLint reports macros that do not correspond to declarations:
employee.h:5: Macro constant employeeFormat not declared
  Macro constant has no declaration.  Use /*@constant ...@*/ to declare the
  macro.  Use -macroconstdecl to suppress message.
dbase.c:4: Macro constant firstERC not declared
dbase.c:5: Macro constant lastERC not declared
dbase.c:6: Macro constant numERCS not declared
Since there is no declaration, the type of the macro cannot be checked, and it is allowed to match any type. For the three errors in dbase.c, we add /*@constant ...@*/ declarations for the macros:
/*@constant static employeeKinds firstERC;@*/
# define firstERC mMGRS

/*@constant static employeeKinds lastERC;@*/
# define lastERC fNON

/*@constant static int numERCS;@*/
# define numERCS (lastERC - firstERC + 1)
We could do the same thing for employeeFormat, but then we would not get checking for the printf arguments where employeeFormat is used. Instead, we put /*@notfunction@*/ before the definition, so employeeFormat is expanded normally.

Next: Continue to Check Checks 1
Return to Summary

Splint - Secure Programming Lint evans@virginia.edu
Download - Documentation - Manual - Links
Source - Linux - Publications - Talks
Reporting Bugs    Sponsors - Credits